Be aware hikers ,walkers and Trekkers to Sri Lanka

Plants and insects that you need to look out when you holidaying in Sri Lanka

Plants have their own methods to stop animal and insects eating them .whether you simply walk along the beach ,when you choose to trek or explore the tropical jungles of Sri Lanka.
you may come across unpleasant surprises if you ever come in to contact with them.


Sri Lanka beach cactus -locally known as pathok

These plants are covered in  thorns ,thorns are painful to pull out.along the coastal belt of Sri Lanka there are abundant of these cactus.


Locally known as kahabiliya,Stinging nettle

The leaves of these plants have little hairs which cause discomfort and itchy feeling.

The sap ,the milk produce by the leaves or barks of some plants can also make your skin itch.


Photo credit dasun nawoda-flicker

The contact with the oil from cashew cells causes itch and blistering .

Leeches ,caterpillars ,small and bumble bees  are some insects which can ruin your Sri Lankan Holiday. Sting from bees and bumble bees can be really painful.

there are different types of ants in Sri Lanka .bites from large red ants and the black small locally known as snake ants (nai koombee) can be painful as well.


Photo credit Daneila Hartmann-flicker

hairs from caterpillars are really itchy


Photo credit Driss & Marrion -flicker

A bite from a leech can be sensed and the the wound continues bleeding for far longer than normal because the leech injects an anticoagulant.


Photo credit Steve Garvie -flicker

How to avoid these plants or insects.

  • Always try to find clear vegetation-free squat spot when squatting outdoors for a pee or poo.
  • Avoid any plants that produce a milky sap
  • Wearing long clothing in jungly or scrubby areas can protect you against these plants and insects.
  • wear leech socks when trekking in Sri Lankan jungles
  • observe thourougly before you touch and feel them
  • look properly before you lean on to trees
  • check out for trees or bushes before you go under shade or sleep

Basic treatments

Wash off with cool water with plenty of soap as soon as possible .tweezers can be helpful to remove barbed thorns .
please seek medical advise from a local doctor since break in the skin needs proper wound care . In every larger towns of Sri Lanka it is possible to consult a doctors ( at medical clinics ) they will charge you a small fee for their service.most of the hotels in Sri Lanka have call in emergency doctor service.

5 Famous trekking paths in Sri Lanka that you may come across with these plants and insects.


Sinharaja forest( tropical rain forest)


As a tropical rain forest sinharaja have three main factors in common which is typical to tropical forests in the world .there should be bright sunlight, secondly there needs to be a high rainfall, distributed all along the year and also a high temperature.Which makes the region very humid. The forest is in the southern western part of Sri Lanka and bordering the three districts Galle ,Matara and ratnapura respectively.this hot bio diversity spot is home to more than 340 timber species.out of 192 endemic plants about 19 of endemic plants to Srilanka can be found only in sinharajaha. Out of roughly 11000 hectares of land area ,there are about 240,000 plants density per hectare in the woodland.

Adams peak (Sri pada)


The famous pilgrimage trekking for both locals and foreigners to the country for thousand years .the mountain is located south western edge of the hill country. Sri Pada or the sacred foot prints of the top of the summit has accumulated legends and belief of various religions .
The Buddhists clams it is the foot print of Buddha while 8th century Muslim pilgrims called it foot prints of Adam ,the Hindus called it the foot prints of God Shiva and the Christians called it the it is the foot prints of st Thomas.the Trekkers to worshippers make the journey by night to reach to the top in the dawn .it will be really interesting to trek during the season usually starting from December to may ,with the illuminated path and the all night along tea shops .
As the dawn breaks on top of the peak ,you will be surprised by mysterious shadow of the mountain.

Udawatte kelle (kandy Sri Lanka )

Udawatta Kele Sanctuary or famously known with visitors to Sri Lanka as the Royal Forest Park of Kandy is located on the hillside behind the the Temple of the Tooth Relic. This forest covers about 257 acres and is considered to be a vital Bio reserve for the much populated Kandy City. The last kingdom of Sinhalese kings before it was fallen in to the British colony in 1815.
A walk in the woodland worth a visit with a homage to the famous temple of tooth relic of Buddha in Kandy.

Hortain plains (high-lands)


Horatian plains national park located in the central highlands of Sri Lanka in nuwaraeliya district.The plateau of Horton Plains which is at a nominal elevation of 2100 m above sea level.
The plains can be reach from north via place called pattipola or if from south via place called Ohiya ,if you coming by train you can get off at train stations at either of these places.

Knuckles mountains (highlands)


there is a mountain with five peaks in itself, that looks like the knuckles of a clenched fist when seen from Kandy in central highlands .mountainous area is off the motoring roads, it remains as an unspoilt nature reserve with the changing terrain of grasslands ,streams and cascading waterfalls covering area about 18512 of hectares.